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Cardiobacterium hominis is a slow-growing, fastidious, capnophilic, Gram- negative bacillus represented by the “C” in HACEK, an acronym for. Cardiobacterium hominis is a member of the HACEK group (Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Aggregatibacter. Cardiobacterium hominis, a microaerophilic, pleomorphic gram-negative bacillus , is one of the AACEK organisms. C. hominis is a component of the normal flora.

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In this case, cardiobwcterium patient was treated successfully with ciprofloxacin 3. Blood cultures were sent and empirical antibiotic therapy with cefuroxime and azithromycin was initiated. Endocarditis caused by a Pasteurella -like organism; report of four cases.

J Med Microbiol ; 3: The references cited in all of the case reports included in the present review were examined for additional cases not indexed on MEDLINE. There is one reported case of C. Andrew WalktyMD.

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Three cases and review. Bourbeau, PhD ; et al Robert E. To date, there have been 67 cases of C hominis endocarditis reported in the English-language literature including the present case from which individual patient cardiobactreium were extractable 1 – Literature review A total of 61 English-language cases were identified from 48 manuscripts [ 13 – 49 ]. Putative risk factors assessed included quality of dentition, the occurrence carsiobacterium recent dental work, underlying valvular disease, recent endoscopy, or surgical procedures.

Endocarditis caused by Kingella indologenes.

Cardiobacterium hominis – Infectious Disease and Antimicrobial Agents

Endocarditis caused by Cardiobacterium hominis. The prognosis of C. Whether this is related to the longer duration of infection remains unclear. S Afr Med J ; At this time she developed a skin rash and was changed to intravenous ciprofloxacin mg 12 hourly, before undergoing aortic valve replacement for progressive heart failure The isolate described in the first of cardiobzcterium two cases 20 was reported to be resistant cardiobacteerium cefotaxime in addition to penicillin, although the criteria used to determine resistance were unclear.


Favorable prognosis of patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by gram-negative bacilli of the HACEK group. Cardiobacterium hominis prosthetic valve endocarditis diagnosed in Portugal.

Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis: two cases and a review of the literature

In the clinical laboratory, C. Report of one case and review of the literature. Abdominal abscess due to Cardiobacterium hominis and Clostridium bifermentans.

Manual of clinical microbiology. C hominis was first isolated from patients with endocarditis in Rev Med Liege ; Patients may present with constitutional symptoms, symptoms related to valvular destruction or symptoms secondary to embolic events.

Mycotic aneurysm formation cerebral, femoral and visceral has also been described 1151644 Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss ; Streptococcus bovis endocarditis associated with villous adenoma following colonoscopy. Infectious diseases Bacterial disease: Ten days after admission, Cardiobacterium hominis was identified as the pathogen.

There are several factors thought to predispose patients to C hominis endocarditis.

Atypical presentation of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis. Abdominal abscess due to Cardiobacterium hominis and Clostridium bifermentans. Antonie von Leeuwenhoek J Microbiol Serol ; Diagnosis of Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis by broad-range PCR from arterio-embolic tissue. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. Although ampicillin-resistance was reported to have emerged during treatment of a case of C. J Miss State Med Assoc. Human infection is endogenously acquired.

After 3 days, both sets of blood cultures taken the day after admission yielded a gram-negative bacillus. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. J Infect Dis ; Protrahierter verlauf einer Cardiobacterium hominis -endokarditis [A protracted course in Cardiobacterium hominis endocarditis]. Currie et al have reviewed 10 cases of C.


It is one of several bacteria that is normally present in the mouth and upper part of the respiratory tract such as nose and throat. There are very few published data on the bactericidal activity of antibiotics for C.

Manuscripts were reviewed to identify potential risk factors, clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes. Automated blood culture systems cardiobavterium produce small incremental changes in growth indices after days, however, incubation in a liquid medium for at least 14 days is recommended before cultures are presumed to be negative Two of four patients reported in received tetracycline and chloramphenicol as a part of their therapy. Cardiobacterium hominis on blood agar plate.

Positive cultures have generally been reported after an incubation time ranging from two to 14 days 13781012 – 1417 – 28 ; however, it should be noted that in case reports published since January including the case described presentlycultures have been positive in less than five days 10 He underwent surgical drainage, and cultures of the abscess and three sets of blood cultures grew C.

She continued to do well 5 months after carciobacterium of antibiotic therapy. Can J Cardiol ;6: