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Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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Causes of ngoni migration? | Yahoo Answers

The Ngoni always used migrxtion scorched earth policy on those that tried to resist them, e. This meant that their entire lives were dedicated to fighting. Other people, including the old people, were often killed. Their movement led to wider spread of devastation, depopulation and displacement of people.

It was due to overpopulation: They are currently settled in south west Tanzania around Songea town. After the battles they would force the young men to join their army and take young girls for wives. None of the other tribes wanted the Ngoni to live near them, so they forced them away.

What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa.

The Ngoni led to formation of refugees who lived by plundering and killing i. In the s they invaded the Nyamwezi capturing many and incorporating them in their ranks. In the same way their terror and tactics hardened and prepared many tribes to resist the European zaperialists e.

Cows were looted, food stores and field destroyed, resulting into wide spread famine. They would force the captured men from other tribes to join them and became Ngoni warriors. General knowledge of the Bantu migration.


The Tuta Ngoni for example disrupted trade caravans along the central route between Tabora and Ujiji. When Zwangendaba died aroundthe Ufipa Ngoni disagreed and split into five migrration. From the Ngoni invasion people learned how to become organised from smaller disorganised society, to well organised bigger political systems.

The Ngoni migraiton which started around s had ended by the year s. They met small and fragmented societies, which were unable to challenge their military mgiration. Africa as they absorbed many people. Because there was plenty of food he was able to have an army. Ngoni disturbances disrupted normal cultivation leading to famine. Their trick was to try and surround their enemy. The leaders wanted to take over power in the areas they defeated, which was not acceptable to Shaka forcing some groups to migrate to other areas.

Many small Ntemi chiefdoms came together united and formed large political units under strong leaders to fight the Ngoni for example Sangu and Hehe re-organisation. It led to introduction of new weapons e. Describe the movement and settlement of migraion Ngoni. The Ngoni were one of the groups that fought hard against the Germans.

One way was to o food and cattle from villages they came across. For example, malaria and small pox.

However there was spread of Ngoni customs and culture. They divided their army into fighting units called impis. This was the start of a long migration to migratioj somewhere else to live.

Zwangendaba built his own capital called Mapupowhich means “dreams”. They had superior military tactics such as cow horn method semi-circlewhich was unfamiliar in East Africa. A History of East Africa by Odhiambo.

oof Migrated from South Africa to Tanzania between The influence of their leaders: The Ngoni settled around Fipa because the soils were fertile and the people were easy to conquer. In the boys’ hut they are trained in the Ngoni traditions.


Reasons for the Ngoni migration.

The Story of a Ngoni Warrior. Hence many areas where they passed were left desolate and depopulated. This was due to the killing of people in the expansionist wars e.

They were pushed further north and eventually reached southern Tanzania. ,igration hostile climate also forced the Ngoni to move northwards. They also made themselves fearful to their enemies by wearing the skeletons of their victims.

Their migration created a period of wars in areas that were previously peaceful. They had good military tactics of attacking their enemies like the cow – horn tactic which enabled them to encircle their enemies easily.

It led to introduction of new weapons e. Zwangendaba was one of the defeated leaders. The groups lived separately and were not organised under one leader. But when Shaka defeated Zwide, one part cakses his group in s moved to East Africa into two groups of the Maseko and Tuta under Zwangendaba.

This resulted into poverty as the war could not allow trade to flourish. The Ngoni terror and confusion forced many societies to regroup, unite and form bigger chiefdoms e. The only way they could feed themselves was to plunder and kill.