In its secret report, never made public in Pakistan the commission, headed by then Chief Justice of Pakistan, Hamoodur Rahman, held widespread atrocities. The report of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission (HRC) set up by president Z.A. Bhutto in to inquire into the Pakistani debacle in East. with the original report’s outcome, Hamoodur Rahman Commission. Supplementary the then Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan as its head . The.
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From the statements made by the three Generals who appear justicw be directly concerned in the matter, it seems that although there was some talks of arresting persons known to be leaders of the Awami League or Mukti Bahini so as to prevent chances o a general uprising in Dacca during the closing phases of the war with India, yet no practical action was taken in view of the circumstances then prevailing, namely the precarious position of the Pakistan Army and the impending surrender.
In its secret report, never made public in Pakistan the commission, headed by then Chief Justice of Pakistan, Hamoodur Rahman, held widespread atrocities, other abuses of power by Pakistani generals and a complete failure in civilian and martial- law leadership responsible for the loss of East Pakistan.
Finally, there is section 55 which is of a general nature, and provides;- ” We also find that even if the extra battalions had been sent the position would not have materially improved as there was no clear plan for their deployment. Brig Mohammad Hay at, former Comd. A new aggravating factor made its appearance in East Pakistan in the wake of the military action of the 25th of Marchwhen units of rahmsn Pakistan Army undertook “sweep operations” throughout the Province to deal with the Awami Hxmoodur insurgents.
The total sum involved was Rs. In the harshness, we lost the support of the silent majority of the people of East Pakistan Nature of Disciplinary Action 2. It is for the Government to decide whether these matters should also form the subject of any inquiry or trial which may have to be ultimately held against this officer. In a command area Dhoom Ghat between September and October miscreants were killed by firing squads.
Jamshed Khan, was also reported to have been involved in the misappropriation of currency. In fact, however, the army was constantly engaged in fighting 38 the Mukti Bahini, the Indian infiltrators, and later the Indian army. These included the war fiasco, the surrender, the Ojhri camp disaster and the Kargil misadventure.
He does not appear to be fit for further retention in service. They blundered ahead, oblivious of the fatal consequences of their international isolation. It did not result in the return of any appreciable number of the elected representatives of the people, who were in any case valuable hostages in the hands of the Indian authorities who did not allow them to cross back into Pakistan.
We have then examined the events occurring between the 1st and the 25th of March,when the Awami League had seized power from the Government of General Yahya Khan, necessitating resort to the military action of the 25th of March, The commission’s final report was very lengthy and provided an analysis based extensive interviews and testimonies.
It was mandate to have a collective responsibility of national defence and mechanism of plans based on a joint objectives.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report
In the former capacity, he was responsible for the screening of military and civilian personnel as well as non-officials who had either defected during the Awami League movement or had otherwise come commissionn adverse notice.
He denied that any intellectuals were 28 killed during December, Upon consolidating the powerPresident Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced to form the Commission under the Supreme Court ‘s senior justices in December Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, on the 26th December, to enquire into the commizsion in which the Commander, Eastern Command surrendered and the members of the armed forces of Pakistan under his command laid down their arms and a cease-fire was ordered along the borders of West Pakistan and India and along the cease-fire line in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Offences in relation to enemy and punishable with death. Conclusions and Recommendations However, at a later stage the Eastern Command and the divisional Commanders issued strict instructions in an effort to stop such practices, and some Commanders caused searches to be carried out of the barracks occupied by the troops for the recovery of looted material which included television sets, refrigerators, typewriters, watches, gold, air conditioners and other attractive items.
A man had no remedy if he reporg on the wanted list of eahman 31 Army In the evidence comjission allegations were made before the Commission that Lt. He asked us how many Hindus we had killed.
In cokmission hard-hitting indictment of his colleagues, Air Marshal Nur Khan, former air force chief, said, “There were disasters after disasters and the army always pretended nothing had happened. Referring to the HRC’s observation that the army suffered a “moral collapse”, he said, “You cannot live with a lie for ever.
Nazar Hussain Shah Witness No. Higher Direction of War”. In the absence of contingency plans for the withdrawal of troops into the Dacca triangle area behind hajoodur big riversto prevent the enemy breakthrough and to deal if need be with the known capability of the enemy to heli-drop troops hamkodur our lines after it had acquired mastery of the air by either eliminating or neutralising our Air Force of only one squadron, it was not at all a matter of surprise that the defences should have collapsed immediately in thin lines in the forward positions were pierced by the enemy.
We then propose to deal with the subject of discipline of the armed forces in East Pakistan which would include the questions of alleged military atrocities in East Feport.
Some of the incidents alleged justlce those authorities did not take place at all, and on others fanciful interpretations have been deliberately placed for the purpose of maligning the Pakistan army and gaining world sympathy. The Federal Government did issue a White Paper in this behalf in Augustbut unfortunately it did not create much impact for the reason that it was highly belated, and adequate publicity was not given to it in the national and international press.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report
It has also to be said that both these Generals had issued repeated warnings to troops to refrain from acts of violence and immorality. The informant should also state whether he will be willing to appear before the Commission. According to the Bangladesh authorities, the Pakistan Army was responsible for killing three million Bengalis and rapingEast Pakistani women. R Shariff Witness No.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission
To a great extent I executed this order. Farman Ali has stated that he did not give any importance to this note and it must have fallen into the hands of his Bengali Personal Assistant, when the diary for the year was replaced at the close of that year.
Another significant hanoodur was made in this regard by Maj. Farman Ali had sent out of East Pakistan a large sum of money, approximately Rs 60, through his nephew who was a Helicopter Pilot in the Army and left Dacca in the early hours of the 16th of December, In Part III of the present report, we have discussed and analysed at some length the concept of defence of East Pakistan adopted by Lt.
It is, therefore, clear that the figures mentioned by the Dacca authorities are altogether fantastic and fanciful. The observations made in this behalf by Maj Gen. Magnitude of Atrocities Farman Ali rrport not be out of place, for the reason that he has been conspicuously mentioned in several contexts by the international press as well as by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
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